Design and Implementation of a Prototype for a Secure Billing Framework with Real Time Detection of Malicious End Node Connections using Wireless Sensor Networks.

Principal Investigator’s Organization (PIO):

University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar

Principal Investigator (PI):

Dr. Gul Muhammad Khan, Dr. Sahibzada Ali Mahmud


This project presents a prototype system solution to the electricity theft detection, data acquisition and billing inspired by the architecture of “Smart Grid”. The energy sector in Pakistan has long been facing the gigantic problem of electricity theft. Theft is not only a major reason for load-shedding, but the financial loss occurring from theft also does not allow electricity companies to improve their distribution system. People steal electricity by hooking up a wire to overhead electricity cables, siphoning off power without paying for it. Another way people steal power is to slow down their meters. Power theft results in incessant load-shedding, financial losses and disruption in the lives of the people all over the country. Power theft is neither a new problem for Pakistan nor is unique. The developing countries in south Asia have been highly susceptible to such theft and the magnitude of the problem is particularly large in Pakistan. Non-paying consumers make electricity scarcer for the legitimate customers. This project is about design and implementation of a prototype system for electricity theft detection and avoidance, automatic billing, loss calculation and control. This project is an amalgamation of software and hardware design with wireless detection and transformation of data to a centrally managed database installed at an appropriate location. This project developed a prototype system solution to the electricity theft detection, data acquisition and billing inspired by the architecture of “Smart Grid”. This is done through detection and isolation of electricity theft and providing a mechanism for electricity management. The solution offers: 1. A secure billing framework along with transparent data acquisition throughout the infrastructure that allows the monitoring of electricity infrastructure as well as real-time detection of malicious activities and unauthorized consumption at the distribution level. 2. The possibility of a complete billing framework without the use of meters. The solution could be an added functionality to the existing infrastructure which means that there will be no need to change, remove or replace the existing meters. Because meter readers will no more be required, it results in controlled billing irregularities occurring due to electricity theft through the exploitation of meter readers who are bribed by the consumers. 3. The prevention of electricity theft through efficiently securing the distribution lines. Whenever the illegitimate consumer taps the power line or hooks up a wire (KUNDA) to the line, the exact power line that has been tapped will be identified and located. The malefactor is warned and if he continues the malfunction then he is dealt with high voltage spikes. As a result, damaged electrical appliances at his premises are amongst the few penalties he has to face.

Start Date 01-Mar-2012

Duration 22 months + 2 months extension

Budget PKR 14.31 million

Status  Closed Project

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Thematic Area  Engergy

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