Energy Information Group

Smart Electric Grid in Pakistan with 100% Renewable Sources

Summary

The Energy Informatics Group at LUMS is developing a Deeply Intelligent Distribution System for the next generation of electricity grids. This system will be able to seamlessly incorporate massive number of distributed and intermittent renewable energy generation sources such as solar and wind into the overall electricity value chain.

This exciting project aims to develop a relatively cheaper solution to Pakistan’s energy crisis by shifting the current electricity generation completely to renewable energy sources. Presently, the biggest challenge faced by renewable energy is due to issues like variability and intermittency. Although renewable energy sources such as solar, wind etc. are abundant in nature, they are not controllable. So, energy generation through renewable sources cannot be scheduled effectively – as they are dependent on factors such as wind speed and available sunlight. This results in a mismatch between the demand and supply of electricity.
How this project aims to resolve this issue is by matching the demand with the supply, rather than the other way around – and without requiring extra storage of electricity. To implement this innovative solution, an inter-disciplinary approach will be required where technological development is to be amalgamated with an understanding of the user perspective. To begin with, a Deeply Intelligent Distribution System (DIDS) will need to be developed. Through this system, the elasticity of demand can be matched with the available supply using intelligent forecasting and artificial intelligence-based demand side management. The simulation will take realistic electricity demand and supply scenarios into account for the coming decades, e.g. 2020, 2030, etc.
The beneficiaries for this project will include both the government and private sector e.g. the Planning Commission, Ministry of Water and Power, Power Information Technology Company (PITC), electricity distribution companies (LESCO, MEPCO, IESCO, etc.), Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB), National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC), National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA), renewable energy generation companies and meter manufacturing companies etc.

ThemeIoT, AI/ Big DataTypeEnergy-Tech/AcademiaWebsiteweb.lums.edu.pk